Population Of Nepal By Caste

Discrimination based on caste is prevalent mainly in parts of Asia (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Japan) and Africa. An estimated 25 per cent of Nepalis live below a poverty line of USD$1. Estimates of the number of Dalits in Nepal vary greatly. Municipalities and villages are legally distinguished by population. Densely Rai populated district of Nepal are: Khotang, Solukhumbu, Bhojpur, Udaypur, Okhaldhunga. Hilly and Mountain region have similar caste and terai region have different caste. 2 Distribution of Dalit population 15 2. This statistics is more often contested by researchers according to who the figures are undervalued. 025% of majhi living in Ramechhap out of total population of district and almost. It is admiring to have population count for so long. 84 percent of the total (1971 census). Of this number, 70. Below is a map of the primary roads throughout Nepal. India is well known for its caste system, but not many associate the world's biggest democracy with what Dr Sonkar, and many other Dalits, call an apartheid-style state. But despite of having small population, Newar people have great impact in Nepali society. “I hide along the lane with my flashlight,” he says in a low, excited voice, gesturing down the main road of Gaji Khedi village, in India’s Madhya Pradesh state. In Nepal political and economic power was consolidated by interlinking it with the Hindu caste system. 7 in 1920 and 1930, schedule no. Their percentage of the population declines from the western hills, where they comprise well over half the population. state and reducing inequalities related to gender, caste, ethnicity, and ruralurban divides. Nepalese are known by castes A caste is an elaborate and complex social system that combines elements of occupation, endogamy, culture, social class, tribe affiliation and political power. LITERACY WATCH COMMITTEE OF NEPAL BULLETIN NO. Since she is born to Punjabi parents, she is a Punjabi and they don't have Nair caste in Punjab. The origin of caste system is a debated topic, but it is widely believed to have come from Hindu scriptures. Nepal is a predominantly rural society, with 85% of the population living in the countryside. The National Civil Code, 1854, (Muluki Ain) legalized the caste system and established it as the basis of social mobility. However, the constitution denies the collective rights and aspirations for identity-based federalism of indigenous peoples, and Nepal’s indigenous peoples are thus still facing a number of challenges. Where as Rajbhandaris belong to Newar community of Nepal. 5 million, and hill Dalits about 8%. The capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu. For the past several decades, the LDS Church has regularly extended outreach among Southeast Asian refugee groups fleeing ethnic violence in their homelands. PopulationPyramid. This article reviews the linkage between poverty and the caste system in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka. The Government of Nepal and donors have made food security a national priority and have increased support to developing the agriculture sector for better food security. Judging a broader impact is harder. 5% Muslim Population : 13. 4 in 1941 and schedule 2 A in 1952/54. Source: Nepal in Figure 2006 Figure 1: Ethnicity/caste-wise population The largest ethnic/caste group is the Chhettri which hold 15. Its establishment became the basis of the emergence of the feudalistic economic structure of Nepal: the high-caste Hindus began to appropriate lands-- particularly lowlands that were more easily accessible, more cultivatable, and more productive--including those belonging to the existing tribal people, and introduced the system of individual. Due to this, the 42. Violence against women ever experienced, nonintimate partner (% of female population ages 15 and older) n. 6% (4,398,053) of the total population followed by Brahman-Hill (12. 84% Sikh : 1. 58 percent of Brahmins and Chhetris (out of the total population of 28. About time government cancels quota based on caste and starts providing it based on financial status. Although they are of Indian origin, "Chhetri" usually refer to members of the Kshatriya caste from the hills of Nepal, as opposed to the Terai or India. Dalits form the. In Nepal, the hill or Khas Brahmins are classified in mainly Upadhaya Brahmin, Jaisi Brahmin and Kumain Brahmins. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. 4 million in the U. The agricultural sector employs around 66 percent of the population, but it struggles to produce an adequate supply of. 2 Social and Historical Context of Caste/Ethnic and Regional Exclusion in Nepal 2. 'They use money to promote Christianity': Nepal's battle for souls Critics allege that it is not just caste discrimination leading many Dalits in Nepal to turn away from Hindu beliefs and. CBS conducts the population census of Nepal decennially. The settlement of Sherpa caste is mostly in surrounding of mountain region. AbstractThis paper examines poverty dynamics and their socioeconomic determinants between 1996 and 2011 in Nepal. 4 million in 1954 to 26 million in 2004) cancelled out many of these advances, turning Nepal from an exporter to a net importer of food within a generation. Analysis of market chain of mandarin in Nepal: A case of Lamjung district A Research Project Submitted to Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master in Agriculture Production Chain Management Specialization “Horticulture Chain”, By Chet Nath Pokhrel September, 2011. 5 million people of more than 60 caste and ethnic groups are accommodated. Today we find Newars scattered in various parts of the Nepal but the essentially originated in the Valley. Source: Nepal in Figure 2006 Figure 1: Ethnicity/caste-wise population The largest ethnic/caste group is the Chhettri which hold 15. Their belief in the caste system divided the people by their social class, and many are happy to see this system fading. In this period, both kings and the priests and ascetics with whom men of power were able to associate. Return to Case Studies Main Return to Table of Contents. Madhes: Facts and rumors Sujit Mainali / October 2, 2015. From the given table, we can observe that, Chhetri is the largest caste in Nepal occupying 15. They make up for 35. Bahuns are ostensibly the most successful group in Nepal, whereas Dalits are the most disadvantaged, excluded, and ‘backward’. Currently, women’s awareness of UP is unknown, and attempts to unravel the UP problem are inadequate. 23 per cent. 2 The Nepali Context Nepal is situated in the central Himalayan region sur-rounded by India on the east, west, and south, and by China in the north. Since migration population is highly male-dominant area – over 95 per cent of migrants in 2014-2015 was male and female migrants has a mere share in migrant population (ibid. Caste divisions existed in ancient Tamil Nadu like other parts of India. Introduction Nepal is a small mountainous country in South Asia. There are about 70 castes, Buddhist as well as Hindu, covering approximately the same spectrum as the caste system of India. How to eradicate caste system: No doubt, whatever may be the reason, observing caste system in any form, which may be ancient, modern, or medieval, is not good for humanity. Pahāṛī, also called Parbate, people who constitute about three-fifths the population of Nepal and a majority of the population of neighbouring Himalayan India (in Himachal Pradesh and northern Uttar Pradesh). And these caste-based social structures extend to places like Sri Lanka and Nepal, too. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Nepal divided by total area of the country. The identification of Magars is complicated by the fact that a number of other ethnic groups (Chantyal, Kham, Kaike, Kusunda, Raute, Raji) have claimed to be Magars to outsiders. Introduction. FINAL REPORT NEPAL: Country Gender Profile March 2007 Chandra Bhadra, Ph. According to Nepal's 2001 census, there are 635,751 Rai(Khambu) in Nepal which represents 2. Panel data models suggest significant. Nepal, with 191 people per square km and it was in position 144th in our ranking of density population in 2018. Do you want to know the caste of all Tamil actors? Here we have the full list of actors with their caste and you can check them below. The English word brahmin is an anglicised form of the Sanskrit word Brahmana. The Muslim and low-caste populations are among the poorest in the country. The system which divides Hindus into rigid hierarchical groups based. Caste/Ethnic Dimensions of Change and Inequality: Implications for Inclusive and Affirmative Agendas in Nepal Madhusudan Subedi Introduction Since the promulgation of the Muluki Ain (Legal Code) in 1854, the caste categorization in Nepal is taken as the primary organizing principle and the major determinant of social identity. The Nepal Population census in Nepal is conducted by the de facto method. 2 Sujan Karki. Nevertheless, as Nepal modernises, the social constraints of the caste system are fading. The Origins of the Caste System According to one long-held theory about the origins of South Asia's caste system, Aryans from central Asia invaded South Asia and introduced the caste system as a means of controlling the local populations. Hinduism is the third most populous religion in the world, dominating India, Nepal and Bali with significant populations in other South and Southeast Asian countries. There is a story that the grouping. ” — Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). The total caste and ethnic groups are 103 and they speak more than 100 languages that become greatly complicated in Nepal (Dave, 2012). Population Density And Growth Of Kerala: The population density of the state is 859 persons per square kilometre. Panel data models suggest significant. 2 Changes in Religious Population in 2001 and 2011 13 1. 3 (August 2001), pp. It has a surface area of 147181 sq. Etymology. About time government cancels quota based on caste and starts providing it based on financial status. Sixty-four years after caste untouchability was abolished by the Constitution, more than a fourth of Indians say they continue to practise it in some form in their homes, the biggest ever survey of its kind has revealed. With chronic and structural poverty headcount ratios of around 17 per cent, poverty is mostly transient and stochastic affecting up to four-fifths of the population. Bahun is the Indo-aryan brahmin class name, ranked first in the Nepal caste system. Politically-aware members of the Scheduled Castes are likely to use the term dalit. 5 million, or 21 percent of Nepal's. Explore Culture and lifestyle of Tibetan,Bhutanese,Nepali and Ladakhis Tribes in Himalayas. Nepal’s largest city is capital Kathmandu, which is home to 975,453 people and has a density of about 49,000 per square mile. Nepal has signed all international treaties and conventions against racial discriminations. This way of caste-based social division, created huge gap between Dalits and non-Dalits in Nepalese society pushing Dalits towards a marginal space (ibid). 2016-10-24: Population aged 15 years and above with intermediate and above level of education by major field of study, sex and age group (2011-12). The population of male. 1 Changes in Caste Population in 2001 and 2011 Census 11 1. Nepal is a multicultural and multiethnic country. Nepal had a population of more than 23 million people in 2002, made up of over 40 different races and tribes. We have published here about facts, data, statistics and information about Population Composition in Nepal by Caste and. Uttar Pradesh Urban Population 2011 Out of total population of Uttar Pradesh, 22. As long as caste/ethnic and language survey is not done in all parts of Nepal, it would be difficult to come up with real number of caste,. In reality, there are many marginalized, sexually discriminated and unprivileged ethnic groups in Nepal. India now has 966. However, Regmi (1965: 651) contends. The population of Nepal in 2007 was almost 29 million people. This paper hopes to make a modest contribution to the ongoing process of understanding and responding to Nepal's diversity by carrying out an initial examination of the 2006 DHS through the lens of caste, ethnic and regional identity. KATHMANDU, NEPAL - DEC 19, 2013: Unidentified local people near their homes in a poor area of the city. Hindutva must for Brahmins,they hate caste-based quota The Times of India , Bangalore, on June 17, 2007 put out a report on the “politically neglected” Karnataka Brahmins , who form just 3%, giving them ideas so that they could also like UP form some “caste combination” to come to power. It is also found in nepal. The caste system was introduced in Nepal by King Jayasthiti Malla (1360-95) about 700 years ago. The system which divides Hindus into rigid hierarchical groups based. This way of caste-based social division, created huge gap between Dalits and non-Dalits in Nepalese society pushing Dalits towards a marginal space (ibid). Many if not most citizens consider themselves. Forty years later, the number had risen to 102,000 and ten years later, i. Most of Newar people believe in Hinduism and according to Hindu systems they are categorized into different caste and clans. three units. 8/mi 2) as of November 2019. This statistics is more often contested by researchers according to who the figures are undervalued. It is time for the government to formulate and implement effective measures to promote the economic situation of the untouchables who cannot fulfil. Sila ang gumagawa ng pinakamababang trabaho. The caste system has a symbiotic relationship to poverty in Nepal. Members of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes throughout India began labeling themselves Dalits,. history of population census in Nepal. 5% of the population. egory to which the kingly thakuri sub-caste Caste, Ethnicity and Inequality in Nepal Nepal faces the danger of an all-out ethnic war breaking out in the Tarai between madhesis and parbatiyas. By modern times Hindu believers in Indonesia were relatively few outside of Bali, where they made up more than 93 percent of the population, number over 4 million people, the fourth largest Hindu population in the world. ), therefore, in 1 Generally, a caste or ethnic group can be identified by a person’s surname. Invariably, caste arises, said Rajkumar Kamble, a chemical engineer in Houston, who worked with Ambedkar International, a Dalit human rights organization. 3 (August 2001), pp. Badi men work as fishermen, keeping most of the catch for their family's consumption, and make drums and pipe from wood to sell to neighboring villages. Marital Dissolution in Rural Nepal: Do Western Influences on Marital Dissolution Apply across Contexts? Elyse Jennings University of Michigan Paper prepared for presentation at the 2013 Population Association of America annual meeting in New. 3 Caste Discrimination 7 Chapter 2: Dalits in Nepal 9 2. I will refrain from using the words indigenous, tribal, aboriginal to describe the entire Newar population here because unlike the general perception among anthropologists, sociologists, and general …. To learn more read this article about understanding the caste system in Nepal. 84% Sikh : 1. Nepal has adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. 4 in 1941 and schedule 2 A in 1952/54. Caste System. Kshetris are the second largest Hindu group with Hindu population of 43,65,113 (99. Many Muslims as well as Hindus in Nepal believe that the exact figure of the Muslim population in Nepal is much higher than shown in the census, and they constitute not less than 6 per cent of the total population [CBS 1993a, 1995a]. 15% of the population. Nepal has a total land area of 147,181 square kilometers, the 93 rd largest country in the world. Central Bureau of Statistics. This thesis attempts to examine the struggle of Dalit (untouchable) people against the caste-based inequalities in post-conflict Nepal. Moreover, about 34. He recounted the story of a student who was initially accepted into a Ph. 6 million and 5 million Dalits in Nepal, which means they could comprise as much as one fifth of the total population. 44% of the judges in the country. Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) was established in 1959 under Statistics Act, 2015 BS as the central agency for the collection, consolidation, processing, analysis, publication and dissemination of statistics. Although India is often now associated with the word "caste", it was first used by the Portuguese to describe inherited class status in their own European society. Rural population (85. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The unlucky Sudras are the lowest caste. Around 30 students belonging to Raji community have passed the School Leaving Certificate (SLC) from various schools in the district, said Raji community leader Dal Bahadur Raji. Madhes: Facts and rumors Sujit Mainali / October 2, 2015. This paper will be exploring the various aspects of the. As long as Nepal is crippled by caste, it shall remain an economic untouchable Nepal's rigid caste system is holding the country back, preventing it from taking part in the economic revolution of. Its in-built advantage was a permanent and permanently oppressed under-class of casteless Dalits serving as the pressure release valve to mitigate inherent power distribution differences among caste Hindus. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. This Nepal Population Report presents a status review of the population and. In April 2008 elections were held and a coalition government came to power. The term ‘Dalit’, chosen by the community itself, means ‘broken people’, and although caste discrimination was outlawed in 1963, its practice remains widespread. 8/mi 2) as of November 2019. The Nepalese caste system the traditional system of social stratification of Nepal. Before the invasion of the valley, the three cities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur were autonomous Newar kingdoms and the latter two cities still have large. Hit enter to search or ESC to close Search ». 5% Muslim Population : 13. Dalit make up 22 percent of the population in Nepal. 2% which is 2. Nepalese are divided into different ethnic groups or according to the national origins. 8 per cent of the total 22. With chronic and structural poverty headcount ratios of around 17 per cent, poverty is mostly transient and stochastic affecting up to four-fifths of the population. The total surface area of Nepal is at 147,181 square kilometers which converts to approximately 56,826. (Nepal: UN Welcomes New Law on Caste-Based Discrimination, UN NEWS CENTRE (May 25, 2011). It is 687,763 according to trueknowledge. deriving from the. There was a problem trying to update the data from Google Sheets. ” — Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). In terms of impact, it did much greater damage for a much longer period to a great many people than the slave system of the western world or the witch-hunting practices of medieval Europe. For instance, low caste girls in India were able to exploit new. Dalit make up 22 percent of the population in Nepal. 84% Sikh : 1. " Things in Nepal change mighty slowly. In 1931 (the last Indian census to record caste), Brahmans accounted for 4. Some derogatory names have been banned by law; in practice they are commonly used. 025% of majhi living in Ramechhap out of total population of district and almost. Low socioeconomic status, poor knowledge and awareness on obstetric complications, lack of decision-making autonomy, and limited health care options lead to underutilization of existing maternal health care service. La densité de population — rurale à 87 % — était d'environ 197 hab. Culture of Majhi community of Ramchhap “Ladi Puja “ (Koshi Puja) 2. Inequality in Nepal : Economic interpretation of empowerment. 97-106 The Caste System: Effects on Poverty in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka Jasmine Rao Abstract Though mostly outlawed, the caste system continues to be one of the key drivers of poverty and inequality in South Asia. factors of class, caste/ethnicity, and age. deriving from the. 5 % of the total population; in 1991 shows the percentage was 86. Do you want to know the caste of all Tamil actors? Here we have the full list of actors with their caste and you can check them below. Poverty in Nepal: Causes and Consequences. 4%, which is higher than Newars. Case Study: Gender and Climate Change in the Hindu Kush Himalayas of Nepal This study was conducted by Brigitte Leduc, Senior Gender Specialist of the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), with Arun Shrestha, ICIMOD Climate Change Specialist, and Basundhara Bhattarai, ICIMOD Gender Specialist. According to National census of 2001 its population is 635,751. Some derogatory names have been banned by law; in practice they are commonly used. This statistics is more often contested by researchers according to who the figures are undervalued. Brahman refers to the 'Supreme Self' in Hinduism or the first of the gods. Today we find Newars scattered in various parts of the Nepal but the essentially originated in the Valley. There are 75 administrative districts in Nepal. Ethnic groups in Nepal are a product of both the colonial and state-building eras of Nepal. According to last census (1991), it has a population of 18. Uttar Pradesh Urban Population 2011 Out of total population of Uttar Pradesh, 22. Low caste Dalit communities are still neglected and discriminated against in Nepalese society. Ang nasa mataas na antas ay hindi pinapayagang mag-asawa o mamuhay kasama ng nasa mababang caste. The Action Aid, Nepal's study report on caste based discrimination, including untouchability, in Nepal, identified 205 existing practices of caste-based discrimination in the eight sample sites. 1 Crore are Female (47%). Brahmins, Kunbis and Chamars accounted for approximately 10 million each. The dominant caste among the Sinhalese population is the Goyigama. The 20% population of Nepal also consists of Yadavs. It is India’s fourth-most crowded state, with more than 91 million occupants. The identification of Magars is complicated by the fact that a number of other ethnic groups (Chantyal, Kham, Kaike, Kusunda, Raute, Raji) have claimed to be Magars to outsiders. Ten years later, it showed just 458. LITERACY WATCH COMMITTEE OF NEPAL BULLETIN NO. Primarily, there were 4 Varnas (sometimes translated as caste): Brahmin-priest, Kshyatria-warrior, Baishya- trader and Shudra-worker, based on people’s. Early censuses of Nepal certainly included questions on ethnicity/caste of the population. The incidence of poverty among Newars is low compared to Upper Caste but with regard to total economically active population, the Upper Caste constitutes 35. 97-106 The Caste System: Effects on Poverty in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka Jasmine Rao Abstract Though mostly outlawed, the caste system continues to be one of the key drivers of poverty and inequality in South Asia. Check out this data visualization from NepalMap to learn more about caste and ethnic groups in Kathmandu! In 2031, the population of Kathmandu will likely be over 2. They make up other 85. As long as Nepal is crippled by caste, it shall remain an economic untouchable Nepal's rigid caste system is holding the country back, preventing it from taking part in the economic revolution of. This way of caste-based social division, created huge gap between Dalits and non-Dalits in Nepalese society pushing Dalits towards a marginal space (ibid). Nepal also extended some financial assistance from time to time. Topic: The history of the Indian caste system and its effects on India today c. The country's estimated population growth is 2. However, the constitution denies the collective rights and aspirations for identity-based federalism of indigenous peoples, and Nepal's indigenous peoples are thus still facing a number of challenges. population growth has increased more quickly than. For example the New York Times cites research showing Ashkenazi Americans have IQ’s. research-based evidence on sex selection was lacking for Nepal at the time. The representation of women in Nepal’s judiciary is dismal. “There’s a need of a concrete political action to end such inhumane practice. Most of the Newar are Hindus, but some practice an Indian form of Buddhism. deriving from the. Nepalese are known by castes A caste is an elaborate and complex social system that combines elements of occupation, endogamy, culture, social class, tribe affiliation and political power. In 1931 (the last Indian census to record caste), Brahmans accounted for 4. Nevertheless, as Nepal modernises, the social constraints of the caste system are fading. Kathmandu Valley, in the middle hill region, constitutes a small fraction of the nation's area but is the most densely populated, with almost 5 percent of the nation's population. 6% (in a population of 23 million) in 2001. Supporting discriminated population groups. Utilization of safe motherhood is deprived in women who belong to low-caste groups like Dalit of Nepal. Hill Bahuns make up above 12% of the country’s population of 26. 44% of the population of Nepal. Nepal, a small landlocked country in South Asia, for the last two decades has experienced shift to a new social, political and economic society. Caste-based Discrimination in Nepal Krishna B. Out of this, over 2 million women make up the Dalit population of Nepal. 8 per cent of the total 22. Tamang people have their own mother tongue i. There are nearly 60 indigenous ethnic groups and nationalities. The capital was established in Kathmandu. Within the Dalit community of Nepal, there are eight major caste groups and twenty-five identified sub-castes. Dalit women show the lowest composite empowerment and inclusion index across Nepal’s population (0. 3 Household size, sex composition and age structure 15 2. Holmberg, David. 9% Ethmoreligionist : 1. Uterine prolapse (UP), which affects about 10% of women of reproductive age in Nepal, is the most frequently reported cause of poor health in women of reproductive age and postmenopausal women. Many in the crowd said they had left home in the morning as Hindus but would return in the evening as Buddhists. They also fall under Kshatriya caste but they're considered inferior to Bhandaris. 80 percent in 2001 AD and 16. The smallest population was recorded in the Manang district which has a population 6538 in 2011. Nepal Democracy. deriving from the. Mailing List - See more. This study therefore focuses on whether caste affects land productivity in rural Nepal. There is a church planted in every one of the 75 districts of Nepal, and there are at least some believers in almost every people and caste group. This thesis attempts to examine the struggle of Dalit (untouchable) people against the caste-based inequalities in post-conflict Nepal. Hoshangabad and Harda Distt. However, "ideal conditions" cannot be assumed. 32% of the total Indian population. Over one-third of children between the ages of 5 and 14 are active in some form economic production. Unequal citizens : gender, caste and ethnic exclusion in Nepal (Vol. 4 in 1941 and schedule 2 A in 1952/54. Several aspects of population such as size, growth rate, composition, distribution pattern, density, mobility. [citation needed. The incidence among Upper Caste is 18. 6 million and 5 million Dalits in Nepal, which means they could comprise as much as one fifth of the total population. Its in-built advantage was a permanent and permanently oppressed under-class of casteless Dalits serving as the pressure release valve to mitigate inherent power distribution differences among caste Hindus. Inequality in Nepal : Economic interpretation of empowerment. The poor gets poorer and the richer gets richer. 3 Padmalal Bishwakarma, “Caste Discrimination and Untouchability Against Dalits in Nepal,” paper prepared by the Society for the Liberation of Oppressed Dalit Castes, Nepal, for the Global Conference on Caste Discrimination, New Delhi, March 1-4, 2001. First statement: More than half of the total population of Nepal lives in Tarai-Madhes. The incidence among Upper Caste is 18. However, the constitution denies the collective rights and aspirations for identity-based federalism of indigenous peoples, and Nepal’s indigenous peoples are thus still facing a number of challenges. The data is presented from National Census 2011. Caste discrimination is a global human rights issue. Nepal has adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. The authors investigated whether there is any association between caste- and ethnicity-based inequalities and HIV-related knowledge within caste and ethnic populations. Prayer Points * Scripture Prayers for the Chhetri in Nepal. The Takuri sub-caste of the Chhetris constitutes the ruling elite of the country. Population (2001 census): 23. In the refugee camps in Nepal and in U. But the census counts (at least head count data) as statistics are available since census 1911 A. Nepal also practices a caste system which borrows heavily from the caste system of India. 26 percent of Nepal's population lives in the Tarai-Madhes, the southern plains. Nepal is a very important pilgrimage place for both Hindus and Buddhists. Although caste distinctions and the age-old practices of "untouchability" are less rigid in urban areas, the deeply entrenched caste hierarchy still limits the life chances of the 13 percent of Nepal's population who belong to the Dalit caste group. Caste and Kin in Nepal, India and Ceylon: Anthropological Studies in Hindu-Buddhist Contact Zones Christoph von Fürer-Haimendorf Asia Publishing House , 1966 - Buddhism and social problems - 364 pages. Dalits represent about 20 % of Nepal’s population and 23 Dalit castes have been identified by the government of Nepal. Four major castes according to Varna (literally colour) are briefly described as under: India’s present caste system owes its origin to the chatur Varna which divided the population into four classes, viz. ERT notes that despite protections offered by Nepal's Interim Constitution, the criminalisation of caste-based discrimination, and the declaration by Parliament in 2006 that Nepal is an "untouchability free State", discrimination against Dalits in Nepal has continued to be widely reported. Brahmin Population 4 The census of 1881 enumerated 1,929 castes. Introduction The Dalit population comprises of 12. This especially holds true in religious and rural areas. There are roughly 450,000 Gurungs in Nepal totaling about 2. xls to the dataset Nepal Census 2011 District. The population of male. Sunar Yasso Kanti Bhattachan (Gauchan) 1. 80 percent in 2001 AD and 16. [7] [8] Chhetris speak Khasa Nepali, [9] the national language, and are part of the dominant Khasa culture and the wider Pahari Indo-Nepali population. This paper hopes to make a modest contribution to the ongoing process of understanding and responding to Nepal's diversity by carrying out an initial examination of the 2006 DHS through the lens of caste, ethnic and regional identity. It has a surface area of 147181 sq. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Nepal. One of dominant ethnic groups of Nepal, Newar is the indigenous group of Kathmandu valley that used to make almost the entire population of the valley before the Shah invasion in 1968. In May 2008 the monarchy was abolished and Nepal became a republic. Densely Rai populated district of Nepal are: Khotang, Solukhumbu, Bhojpur, Udaypur, Okhaldhunga. Population by caste/ethnicity of Nepal, As per Census 2011 SNO Caste/ethnicity POPULATION 1 Aathpariya 5,977 2 Amat 3,830 3 Badhaee 28,932 4 Badi 38,603 5 Bahing 3,096 6 Bangali 26,582 7 Bantaba 4,604 8 Bantar/Sardar 55,104 9 Baraee 80,597 10 Bhote 13,397 11 Bin 75,195 12 Bote 10,397 13 Brahman - Hill 3,226,903 14 Brahman…. Prayer Points * Scripture Prayers for the Chhetri in Nepal. The caste system is found in other countries like Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Nepal population density. You can engage in local activities, learn how to cook local cuisine or take part in agricultural activities like kitchen gardening, etc. A peace - agreement has been followed by continued political instability, and a new constitution remains to be finalized. Some Nepalis may socialise and marry within their caste while others may even ostracise those belonging to subordinate castes. Findings from the author’s field research in two flood-prone communities in Nepal in 2009 show some key implications of gender and climate change. 27 of the local population lives in extreme poverty. In many aspects of their lives, women and people of the lower castes in South Asia can be described as having marginal voices, a viewpoint exemplified by the dearth of ethnographies attending to these. Update to date information about population of Nepal in 2019. I plan to read memoirs and novels set in Nepal and India to help me better understand the culture. The Aryans defined key roles in society, then assigned groups of people to them. Now Nepal has entered in Republic Federal Democratic system. Women with account at financial institution or with mobile money-service provider (% of female population ages 15 and older). The first is emigration, or the Nepal born population reported as absentees abroad, and second, immigration or the foreign-born population reported within Nepal (Gurung, 2001:13). Baptism is considered the ultimate proof of conversion, and the person performing the baptism can face up to a six-year prison term.